EXEMPTIONS TO BE REVISED
Tribunal met on Monday evening; Mr. C. Costeker was the chairman. Other
members present were Messrs. E. R. Lightwood, W. F. Holden, A. Jones, E.
Milns, W. J. Cartmell, T. Pemberton, Capt. Lowcock (Military
Representative), and C. A. Myers (clerk).
commencing the cases, the Chairman announced that it was well-known that
instructions had been received by the Military Representative to revise
certain cases which received conditional exemption. Rather pick out cases
here and there, Captain Lowcock had asked him if the Tribunal would be
willing to revise the whole of the cases where exemption had been granted.
His personal view was that this would be much the better way, and the
clothier aged 38, whose case was adjourned at the last sitting in order to
allow the man to make some arrangements with regard to his business, and to
get work of national importance, was asked what he had done since the last
hearing. The reply given was that he had complied with their orders. A
letter was produced from the Shipbuilding Co. to say the man started work
there on the 26th inst.
Conditional exemption granted.
A letter had
been received from an Ansdell firm of joiners and undertakers with respect
to one of their men who had received conditional exemption, stating that the
man left their employ on January 20th.
We granted exemption on the grounds that this man is indispensable to this
particular firm. Now that he has left them I don’t see that we can do
anything but cancel the certificate of exemption. The man is not present to
give us any information.
decided to cancel the certificate of exemption.
Later in the
evening, the man put in an appearance, and when asked by the Chairman why he
was not present to time replied that he had been working. He produced a
letter from a munition factory stating that he was employed by Mr. B. Yates,
who was doing important work at that factory. They were making application
to the Minister of Munitions for his exemption, and hoped the Tribunal would
take this into consideration when dealing with the case.
Chairman: What class are you in? — C2.
will get a form saying you will be exempt if you get work of national
importance within 14 days.
Applicant: But I am doing such work now.—Yes, for a
I take it that the work he is doing now is of national importance, and if
work ceases, what will happen?— Oh, the Military will look after
AFTER THE WAR.
decorator, a widower aged 34, with two children, asked for conditional
exemption on the ground of hardship, or as an alternative he asked to be
used for substitution purposes. He had been passed B1. He was quite willing
to work full time on munitions with their permission, and this would enable
him to keep his business together after he had finished
that this case was heard at the last sitting, when it was decided to make
enquiries from headquarters if the Military Representative had power to
substitute this man for one of the 150 single unskilled or semi-skilled
workers employed at the Shipyard. Certain correspondence had taken place
between the Clerk to the Tribunal and headquarters, but there was nothing
definite in the replies. The Chairman remarked that, perhaps, after the war,
they might get a definite answer.
How long do you want to settle your affairs up?—A month or six weeks, if you
will grant it.
application was refused, the man not to be called up before April
NECESSARY TO WAR OFFICE.
The next case
was that of a photographer, aged 35, single, passed B1, whose case had been
adjourned for a month in order to allow the Clerk to the Tribunal to make
enquiries into a statement that t he man was wanted by the War Office in his
The Clerk had
written direct to the War Office stating that the man had produced a letter
from a Captain saying it was necessary from time to time that this man
should take photographs of pigeons. Another letter was also produced from
the Captain asking the man to take the photograph of a certain bird. What
the Tribunal wanted to know was: Is it necessary that a man aged 35, single,
should be retained in his present employment for the purpose of
A reply had
been received, saying: I am directed to inform you that it is not the desire
of the War Office that he be exempted from military
solicitor, who appeared for applicant, stated that there was nothing in the
letter sent by the Clerk to show that the man was photographing a pigeon
probably belonging to the Germans. The letter also said that he was not an
attested man. The man went to attest, and was rejected. Mr. Cooper submitted
that the letter received from the Captain was of far more importance than
the one from the War Office. He also suggested that the Clark should have
written to the Captain asking for his views.
Chairman: But when you want to know anything about the Army and soldiers,
the place to write to is the War Office.—But the Captain mentioned is the
head of this particular business, and it is quite possible that he may not
have been communicated with.
Chairman: But they have had every opportunity of communicating with him if
they wanted his advice.
also pointed out that it was twice mentioned in the letter sent by the Clerk
that the man was single, and 35.
of the Tribunal asked from what source the letters produced by applicant
from the Captain came.
Chairman: General Headquarters, Home Office, Whitehall,
Chairman: If you were not satisfied with the reply received from the War
Office why did you not correspond with the Captain before coming here?—I
could not do so until after the adjourned hearing.
Solicitor: I suggest that if it had been pointed out that the pigeons were
of German origin a different reply might have been
Do you suggest that the information you desire has not been received? Yes, I
the solicitor said that this man had been in the business 16 years, and
during the last 11 years, whilst his father had been Paralysed, he had
carried on the whole of the business. His brother had already
joined the forces, and out of the income from the business four people had
to be kept. There were two sisters, with nothing to turn to, and if
applicant was called up they would have a severe task in finding a means of
obtaining a livelihood. The man specialised in Photographing birds and
animals. The business would have to be sold if he were called
Chairman: Could not a lady do the work? I have seen photographs of animals
taken by ladies.
I do not know of a lady, or anyone else, who is doing this work except my
brother, who is in Birmingham, and myself.
Solicitor: If we could get someone to carry on the business, the man is
willing to go. We have satisfied the Military Representative that we have
done all we can to get someone else, and been
It is not the portrait part of the business which could not be carried on. I
daresay I could teach someone that part in a week. But you can't expect my
sister to put her hand in a box where there is a vicious dog, probably a
bull-dog. It sometimes takes me two hours to get a photograph of an animal.
I am receiving dogs almost every day for photographing
Chairman: I don't want you to think that I don't follow you in your case.
You have made it very clear, and I quite see that hardship will ensue, but
in every case which comes before us a certain amount of hardship occurs.
What I have in my mind is that he is a B1 man, single, and we are informed
that B1 men are wanted as much as A men.
Yes but this man was rejected altogether on offering himself for
attestation, and was then passed B1. Are those men not expected to march
five miles? I am sure this man could not do that.
Lowcock: But the Medical Board say he can and it is no use discussing their
Cooper: I should also like to point out that he has had no opportunity of
getting married. He has had to look after the business whilst his father has
been ill, and now has to support his two sisters. What chance has he had of
Chairman: Oh, I'm not blaming him at all for that. I sometimes wish I was a
single man, and 35 years of age.
asked to retire, Mr. Cooper said that he thought the further they looked
into the case the more they would view it from applicant's
Application not assented to, the man not to be called up before April
applicant was a student in wireless telegraphy, passed C1. He resided at
Fairhaven, and was aged 23.
Chairman: Have you any documentary evidence that you are studying wireless -
No, I haven't.
you studying?—At Manchester; I travel backwards and forwards every
have you been studying?—Since last March. There will be an examination in
March. I have sat for one, but failed.
I have heard of people passing in wireless after three months' studying? —
May be, but you have to be able to repair the apparatus. It is the receiving
part which is bothering me a little. Only practice can make you competent in
were rejected on offering yourself for attestation, what was the matter with
you?—I was suffering from a compound fracture of the leg, following an
accident in July, caused by a motor smash.
If you are
going to be such a long time in learning wireless, had you not better be in
the Army?—Well, I should like to sit for my examination. We have them
practically every month.
be one in April?—I should think so, but I can’t say for
exemption was granted till April 30th, subject to applicant producing
documentary evidence that he was attending the school
application was that of an employer, who appealed for his domestic gardener
for a month's exemption. The man was aged 29, and had been passed
consideration a recent operation, the Tribunal ordered him not to be called
up before the end of March.
application was that of a pig breeder, aged 27, single, passed C3, for whom
Mr. P. H. Stephenson appeared.
stated that the man was previously employed in a Lancaster munition works.
Since his father had had to give up the business of pig breeding, owing to
his age, the son had continued it. He had now 22 pigs, and he (the
solicitor) thought he was more usefully employed pig breeding than doing C3
work in the Army. He had no help whatever, and supported his mother, who was
Lowcock: How many pigs have you bred since you took over? -
have you sold during the last twelve months? -Eleven, averaging 13 score
Solicitor: But how many pigs will you have ready within the next few months?
Nineteen, worth about £10 each
any young pigs?—Yes, I had litter came last week, and I am expecting another
collect the swill yourself?—Yes; if I did not do so it would probably be
thrown into the gutter.
Conditional exemption was granted whilst the man is
solely engaged in pig breeding.