The Preston Guardian, Saturday, July 22, 1848
LYTHAM NEW COVERED MARKET.
The Opening of the
first public building which has been erected in
Lytham since that favourite watering-place obtained its local improvement act took place on
Wednesday morning last, when the provisions of the Act of Parliament were complied with by
the formal opening of Lytham New Covered Market. This event must be hailed as an epoch in the
history of. one of the most improving and handsome. watering-places in the
Not many years ago, Lytham was but a small fishing
village and in a comparatively short space of time streets sprung up, handsome villas and summer
residences have been erected and now this once insignificant port can boast of a neat railway
station, Methodist chapel, church, and the new covered market, besides many other handsome edifices. The
improvements so rapidly made, and the enlargement and
increased beauty of the town have already rendered it one of the prettiest summer residences in
county; and in the summer months hundreds of gentlemen, from every portion of the county, flock from the noise and bustle of
business in the large manufacturing towns to enjoy the beautiful scenery, the fresh air, the
comfort, the cleanliness, and the increased accommodation afforded them at Lytham.
It is now about twelve years since the
improvements which have so materially tended to place Lytham on a level, in importance, with much
larger towns, were first commenced. At that time Lytham was but a small village, visited only by a
few country farmers and fishermen; and, in place of the ornamental cottages which now form the
streets were dirty, low, unmeaning thatched houses.
The commencement of the series of improvements
which have since taken place was the removal of a number of these hovels, which then formed the
site of the present beautiful street called Clifton-street, leading from the railway station to the
new market house and the substitution of a pretty street of ornamental cottages. These cottages,
erected with every attention to the comfort and convenience of their occupants, have fine gardens
attached to them, both at the back and in front many instances trees overhang the entrance to them,
beneath the shade of which the refreshing breeze from the
sea may be enjoyed. In the summer, when the trees are in leaf, and the flowers in the garden, are
in full bloom a most pleasing and picturesque appearance is given to the town, and all visitors are
at once struck with its beauty.
Other improvements have also taken. place. On the
Beach Terrace facing the river, is a commodious hotel where every accommodation for visitors of
every description may be obtained. The East and West Beach Terraces, consisting, of houses erected
in the early English style of architecture; and from which an extensive view of the river and the
surrounding scenery may be obtained have been greatly improved and enlarged; and near, the mill
there. is in course of erection a handsome stone and brick church, called St. John's, the
foundation, stone of which was laid by T. Clifton, Esq., the Lord of the manor, some months ago. It
is now nearly completed, and even at present, in its rough and unfinished state, adds materially to
the beauty of the town.
Many other improvements, such as the erection of
new streets, shops &c., have taken place in the last few years and are still taking place. The
railway station, and the Railway, Hotel adjoining, on the entrance to the town, are handsome stone
buildings, erected in a neat style of architecture, and in which every attention has apparently
been paid to the comfort and convenience of visitors.
On the drainage and sewerage of the town, Mr.
Francis, the acting Surveyor of the Manchester corporation, has furnished the Lytham Improvement
Commissioners with a report, as to the best and most economical method of carrying it out in Lytham
and from this report it appears. that there, are still many things remaining to be done which will
tend to the improvement of the town and its fitness for a summer residence for the. gentry of this
One drawback to Lytham is the want of gas, but we
understand that it is contemplated by the Improvement Commissioners to erect gas works, at the
entrance of the town, near to the railway-station. If this plan is carried. out, gas will be
obtained at a cheap rate, as the facilities for the conveyance of coal are numerous.
The commissioners have power, under the act
obtained by them last session for the improvement of Lytham, to carry out :a number of other
improvements, such as the removal of nuisances, the better observance of decency in the bathing
department and things which if they go on as they have commenced and act with the same vigilance
and decision will materially improve the condition and appearance of the town, - render it a most
desirable retirement for visitors and obtain for it a pre-eminence for comfort; cleanliness and
The new covered Market, the formal opening of which took place on Wednesday last,
has been open to the public since Saturday the 24th of last month; and has been
erected in a little more than four months. The act was obtained last year, and, the building
was commenced very lately. Notwithstanding this despatch, the market-house Is a very handsome
The building of the new covered market was let, at
first for £1,000; but since the contracts were entered into numerous alterations and additions have
been suggested and adopted, and we understand that the extra work will cost. little less than £500,
making the total cost of the building about £1,500. Charles-Reed Esq., of Liverpool, is the
architect, and the style in which the new market house has been erected, afford strong proof that
the commissioners could not well have employed a better man. Upon Mr. Reed's judgement and taste,
the building reflects great credit. The contractors were Messrs. T. Drummond, of Fleetwood, builder
and Mr. Thomas Parkinson, of Fleetwood, joiner.
The market house is erected at the west end of
Lytham, on a vacant plot of land which was formerly railed in, near the road to Blackpool. Its
situation is highly convenient. The appearance of the ground now, is triangular, and running up to
the principal entrance from the street are numerous iron posts. The main entrance, which is by a
large and handsome stone archway, faces Clifton-street. Upon the keystone of the archway of the
principal entrance is carved a cornucopia, emblematic of plenty, The market house itself is
constructed of stone and red-brick, and is erected in the Tuscan order of the Roman style of
architecture. It is a parallelogram of about 100 feet in length, 18 feet in height, from the floor
to the lowest part of the roof, and 36 feet in width. The number of entrances are four; the
principal entrance, already alluded to, and three smaller ones, from the various sides of the
It has a large central tower, one half of which is
in the market; and the other half projects forwards in front, Beneath this tower is the main
archway, springing from an entablature, supported by two columns and six pilasters, rusticated by
square blocks on their shafts. A strong course forms the second storey of the tower, and upon which
are set circular headed triple windows, with stone arches springing from carvings. Above is a
tenia, freize, with cantilevers, from the centre of which springs an octagon turret intended for a
clock and bell, with brackets at the bottom of each angle, starting from a plinth, and the whole
surmounted by a carved ogee cupola, vane and cardinal points. In front of the main building there
are eight arches, with stone bases, cap and keystones, enclosing handsome windows, filled up with
large panes of plate glass, and below which are brick pannels, there are four of these arches on
each side of the tower and above thorn is a stone frieze and cornice. The back elevation consists
of arches, the centre one of stone, and forming an entrance. Four columns, with rusticated blocks;
supporting in entablature, with. swelled vermiculated frieze adorn the north and south ends of the
Between the centre columns are the doorways, with
massive doors, deeply pannelled between the side columns on each side of the doorway are windows
with sides; and in the intercolumnations are three arches. The windows between the side columns
alternate with brick and stone. Quoin-stones, boldly moulded round the edges, adorn the angles of
the building, and the roof, which is slated, has in the centre a large lantern, 40 feet long, with
glass at the top, for light, and open buffers at the side for ventilation. Tiles cover the floors,
which are well drained, and the building has an open roof. The internal arrangements of the market
consist of a row of stalls on each side of the building, against the wall, another row, running up
the centre, and two avenues.
The centre stalls were on Wednesday last occupied
by stands of vegetables; fruit, flowers, &c.; on the west side' were butchers' shops, &c.;
and on the east side were toy shops, fish and game stalls, &c.
At about half-past eleven o'clock on Wednesday
morning last, the following commissioners proceeded from the news room to declare the market
legally opened:—Messrs. W. C. Birdsworth, G. M. Crookall, M. Charlton, J. B. Heyes, Thomas Mercer,
Nicholas Banister, J. Ewer, J. Laurie. J. Burnet, J. Edmondson, E. Houghton, Dr, Nelson, and
M. Deacon (managing clerk to Messrs. Rawstorne and
Wilson, solicitors, Preston,) read over the bye-laws which direct that poultry, rabbits, pigeons,
plants, flowers, roots, seeds, garden stuff, and earthen and other pedlars' wares, shall be sold in
the market. All articles shall he taken in at the west gate. No alterations must he made in the
stalls by the takers. No person shall bring into the market any hand-cart, table, wheelbarrow,
&c., without being allowed by the market committee.
Every tenant of any stall shall occupy the same
himself, And no person. shall sell at a stall except the tenant. No tenant shall suffer any garbage
or refuse to remain about his stall and each butcher is required to wash his stand twice in the
week, at least. The same regulation applies to fishmongers; and all cleaving must be upon blocks,
or chopping boards: The tenant of every stall must extinguish the fire and light in the same and
effectually stop the water and gas pipes previous to closing for the day.
No person must pluck poultry in the market and no
tobacco, &c., will be allowed to be smoked there. Every person wilfully throwing orange peel
&c., on the floor of the Market will he fined ; and no person shall hawk any article for sale
in the Market. Butter brought into the market as fresh butter must be made up in separate parcels
of 16oz.; and no unwholesome fish, meat, &c., is allowed to be brought in. No swearing,
violent, obscene, or abusive language will be allowed. Every person injuring the market-house, or
any stall, or committing a nuisance, Will be fined.
The above bye-laws were allowed by the magistrates
at the general quarter sessions of the peace, held by adjournment, at Preston, on the 28th June
last, and have been since approved of by the Secretary of State.
M. DEACON, after having read over the bye-laws,
said —I now declare this market, to have been formally and legally opened..
The commissioners then retired. Some
disappointment was occasioned through there being no dinner, or other public celebration, held in
commemoration of the event.