Lytham St.Annes Coat of Arms
Lytham St.Annes, Lancashire, England


St.Annes Technical School - 1907




The, St.Annes Technical School was opened on Monday afternoon last (September 30th, 1907) by Sir Henry Hibbert, Chairman of the Education Committee of the Lancashire County Council. Bunting was freely used from the imposing new school and its next door neighbour-the Carnegie Free Library, and there was every appearance of public rejoicing. Unfortunately, after three weeks of delightful sunny weather, this was the first day of an impending change, and leaden cloud's o'erhung the sky. No rain fell, however, and although the sun did not favour the proceedings with his benignant presence, the function lost none of its interest for the people who were assembled in vast numbers, nor for the formalities, which were both picturesque and cheerful. Everything passed off without a single hitch, and up to a late hour hundreds of townspeople made a tour of inspection of the handsome and well equipped building.

The handsome building, which is in keeping with the general architecture of St. Annes, has been erected from the designs of Mr. Littler, County Architect, and the work has been carried out under the able superintendence of Mr. G. E. Smirk, a very painstaking clerk of the works. The contract was let to Mr. T. Cottam of Preston. The school is imposing in appearance anal solid in construction. The outside of the building is faced with Accrington brick with dressings of Darley Dale stone. After passing up the fine stone steps at the front a spacious arched porch is entered. At the end of the porch are swing glass doors, which bear the crest of the St. Annes Urban District Council in stained glass. These doors lead through a fine arch to the large entrance hall, 27ft. by 18ft.


This ENTRANCE HALL has a handsome tiled dado to a height of 3ft. 6in. carried all round, and also along the two main corridors which lead from the hall. The floor, lavatories and corridors are all marble terrazzo. On the right and left of the large hall the the teachers' and' secretary's rooms, the walls of which are of duresco with colour to the ceiling. Opening from the main corridor are the No. 3 classroom, the lecture room, a preparation room, and a laboratory for 25 students. In the laboratory is a balance-room, a number of fumed closets for testing purposes, and a dark room.

Separate benches for the students are fitted in this room, the tops of which are of teak to obviate as far as possible the action of chemicals. Separate sinks are fitted in the benches, and they waste effluents from these benches are carried through glass-lined pipes into the yard. The bottoms of the fumed closets are lined with slate and glass, and in addition are fitted with flues built in the wall, which discharges into the open air.

The whole of the fittings of the laboratory are of the most approved and up-to-date style. The room is exceedingly well lighted by a number of windows on the south side, and special attention has also been paid to the ventilation. Throughout the entire building the rooms are LARGE AND AIRY, much attention having been directed to the provision of plenty of light and pure fresh air.

The chemistry lecture hall, which is divided from the laboratory by the preparation room, can be enlarged by the removal of a glass screen, so as to include classroom No. 1. The floor of the room is of pitch pine with a bitumen preparation laid between the pitch pine and the concrete to prevent dampness. The lecture ¬room is designed for 50 students, but with the addition of classroom No. 1 nearly 80 students can be accommodated. On the right of the entrance hall are classrooms Nos. 2 and 3, which have a glazed brick dado to a height of 3ft. 6in. all round. They are well lighted and ADMIRABLY VENTILATED. Provision is made for 24 students in each room.

The oak desks are of the single type, with a locker for materials. A corridor on the right of the entrance halls leads to the boys' lavatories, which are equipped with all the latest conveniences. From the main corridor a flight of concrete stairs leads down to the basement hall. In the basement is a large workshop fitted with twenty joiners' benches.

The heating throughout is by hot water on the low pressure system. The rooms in the basement are well lighted by windows, an area having been left so that the grounds do not affect the light. Two large rooms, at present unused, have been extended, so that if necessary classes in plumbing or electricity may be held. In addition there is a large room that may be used as a gymnasium. There is a separate entrance to all the rooms in the basement from the large yard at the rear of the Technical School.

From the entrance hall a. flight of concrete stairs lead to the' rooms on the second floor. The staircase window is of very chaste design. The Lancashire red rose has been introduced into the margin and side lights with fine tinted amber and Cathedral muffled glass as a filling in. The window is very finely arched, and is quite a feature of the staircase. This window lights both staircases and part of the corridors.

To the right on the second floor is the large WELL ARRANGED COOKERY ROOM 41ft. 6in. by 22ft. 6in., which is designed for 31 working students. There are three workers' tables in the centre of the room with a long table alongside the South wall. At one end of the room is a fine, large cooking range with gas cookers on each side. In a recess 12ft. by 7ft. 3in. are sinks, plate racks and cupboards. This room also possesses a glazed dado 3ft. 6in. high.

In this room great care has been taken with the ventilation and the fumes of the gas are carried through pipes in the walls. Classroom No. 4 adjoins the cookery room, and it will accommodate 25 students. It is well lighted having windows on two sides, and is lined with a dado similar to the cookery room.

The room is fitted with cupboards for dressmaking and millinery purposes. Adjoining the room is a stove which may be used by the dressmaking, millinery, or cookery students. From the 6ft. 6in. corridor opens the large art room, which is 43 feet by 28 feet 6in. This room has an open roof, and is well lighted by two large skylights and several windows on the East and North sides. The floor of the art room is fireproof, having a. course of bitumen between the boards and the concrete.

The arrangement of the ART ROOM has been admirably carried out by Mr. J. W. Clegg, the teacher of art. The prin¬ciple that the human figure is perfection in art has been recognised, and the art room has been furnished accordingly. Students will be taught to draw the human figure in all its stages, anatomical and physiological. Several casts of Greek sculpture are included in the furnishings - the Venus de Milo, the Discobolus of Myra, a Gladiator, the Dancing Faun, a Metope of the Parthenon, Athens, by Phidius (one of the Elgin marbles), and a Hercules from the bronze in the British Museum.
There are also a large number of casts of a decorative char¬acter. Whilst dealing with the art room it may be mentioned that the photogravures of the work of 24 English artists have been hung in the corridors and rooms, these being:-"Hope" (Watts), "Sun of Venice going to sea" (Turner), "Age of Innocence" (Reynolds), "King Cophetua" (Burne-Jones), "Christ and Peter" (Madox Brown), "Portrait of Carlyle" (Whistler), "Dante's Dream" (Rossetti), "Echo and Narcissus" (Waterhouse), "St. Bartholomew" (Millais), "The Sea gave up its dead" (Leighton), "Light of the World" (Hunt), "Forest Oaks" (Waterlow), "Spaniels" (Landseer), "Israel in Egypt" (Poynter), "Pastoral" (C. Lawson), "Death's Door" (W. Blake), "No. 19" (H. Holbein), "Proserpine" (Sandys), "The Glebe Farm" (Constable), "Trafalgar" (Stansfield), and "Oliver Cromwell" (Lely). A portrait of Matthew Arnold also adorns the walls.
Adjoining the art room is the teachers' room with a lavatory attached. On this floor also are the girls' lavatories and cloak-rooms, divided from the teachers' room by a caretaker's room. A new feature has been introduced in the division of the lavatories and cloak-rooms by a thin concrete breeze partition, the face of the breeze being finished in the usual way. The grounds outside have been tastefully laic out and planted with shrubs and trees.


The sub-contractors for the various work at the Technical School are:-Plumbing painting and glazing, Messrs. Marsden Preston; plastering, Mr. T. Walker, Black pool; fireproof work Mr. Robt. Rayner, Manchester ; tarrizzo work, Messrs. Patterson Manchester; tiling, Messrs. Williams, Manchester laboratory and other fittings Messrs. Greenhalgh, Warrington; electric lighting, H. Leake and Co., St.Annes; fire places, Messrs. Gill and Read, St. Annes furnishing, Messrs. J. Heywood and Co Manchester; iron railings, Messrs. Cunliffe and Dean, Manchester; grounds, H. Heptin¬stall, St. Annes; ventilation, Messrs. Har¬grave, Bury.


Coun. Thompson entertained Sir Henry Hibbert and other guests to Luncheon at the Grand Hotel. The invited guests were: Coun. Thompson, J.P., who presided; Sir Henry Hibbert, Miss Hibbert, Rev. H. E. Butler (Vicar of St.Annes), His Worshipful the Mayor of Blackpool (Conn. S. Hill), J.P., Mr. Thos. Loftos (Town Clerk of Blackpool), Mr. Jas. S. Fair, J.P. (County Council representative for Lytham and St. Annes), Mr. Harcourt E. Clare (Clerk Lancashire County Council), Mr. Thos Bradley (Clerk St. Annes Council), Coun. R. H. Irving (Chairman Higher Education Committee), Coun. S. L. Stott, J.P., Mr. H. Littler (County Architect), Dr. Snape (Director of Education, Lane. C.C.), Mr. W. Wilson (Secretary Higher Education Committee, 'Lancashire C.C.), Mr. Mr. N. Thompson (St. Annes), Ald. Cunliffe, J.P., Rochdale, Mr. J. Hamer, Rochdale, Dr. Smith, West Kirby, Mr. Gen. Webb, Bury (Chairman, St. Annes Land and Building Company), Couns. T. Ferguson, H. D. Rothwell, J. Hallam, N. Walmsley, J. Whiteside, A. England, and J. E. Stonex; Mr. W. Shorrock (contractor), and Mr. Jas. Bowman (senior teacher, Technical School.

The menu was as follows, the dainty viands being served' in Mrs. Holloway's best style: Oysters. Turtle Soup. Mayonnaise of lobster. Sirloin of beef. Saddle of Mutton. Pigeon Pies. Spaced beef. Surrey fowls. York ham. Braised tongues. Sherry Jelly. Strawberry Cream. Apple tarts. French pastry. Dessert.


Coun. ThompsonCoun. Thompson, who presided, submitted the toast of "The King," following which Coun. R. H. Irving (Chairman of the Higher Education Committee) proposed "Success to the Technical School." It seemed to him somewhat novel to be proposing success to the new Technical School when they considered that some thirty years ago or more they were laying the foundation-stone of the Hotel, which was the first building in the district. Now they had provided an up-to-date Technical School, one, they would admit, which reflected great credit upon the architect (Mr. Littler), the contractor, and all concerned. (Hear, hear).

The County Council had imposed upon St.Annes A GREAT RESPONSIBILITY; they had entrusted them with the first Technical School they bad erected, "and," added the speaker, "We intend to make that school a great success." (Hear, hear). They had been labouring for some years under disadvantages. They had attained some little success under those circumstances, but they had now bright and lofty rooms, and they thought that with the efforts they were making and those they intended to make that St.Annes would stand out, not only as a great health resort but as a great educational resort as well. (Hear, hear). It was true they had no industries in the town. They built people's health up; when they were broken down in health they gave them a new lease of life. They had been trying to improve the raw material, and they recognised that the great difficulty had been, when they had treated the raw material, how to continue it afterwards. These Technical Schools which were springing up in different parts of the country were intended to complete what had been done in the elementary stages. He hoped they would carry on, very successfully, these continuation classes and so fit those living in the town to participate, and go forth, not only well-equipped' constitutionally, but well ¬equipped mentally. One recognized in these days that the more efficient we were the more able we were to combat the invasion of nations, and it was the great end of all communities to truly educate in the broadest and' fullest extent possible the young people and men of our day. (Applause).

Sir Henry Hibbert Sir Henry Hibbert responded to the toast, and said there was a need of Technical education because the education of a boy or girl was not finished after leaving the elementary school. He had had cases brought before his notice where boys had had the benefit of a good, sound education who had not been able to pass the entrance examination into a secondary school because numberless subjects which were of intense importance to them, had been neglected in that public school; and therefore there was a very great need of the opportunity of


The question of finance provided another reason why a Technical School had been erected in St.Annes. The ratepayers in that and neighbouring localities paid their rates and naturally said: "If we want a little more education for our children why should we have to send them on the railway train, sometimes at a very great cost?" It was true that was not an industrial population, but the sole purpose of education was not to make money, and there were subjects which could be taught which would be of incalculable importance in after life. Without dilating further on the reasons for the erection of the school he would at once say the school was necessary, and he was very glad indeed that it was being opened that day. (Hear, hear). They owed it, probably, to their Town Clerk. Had it not been for the persistency of Mr. Bradley in sitting on the doorstep of the "L.G.B." they would not have got at Technical School, at all events, for several years. (Applause). Coun, Stott, J.P., proposed "The Lancashire County Council." When he (Conn. Stott) spoke four years ago on the increase of the Poor Rate-it had doubled in two years-he concluded that the County Council were spending too much money. It was very nice for those who spent so long as they let other people gather the money, and unfortunately, he, as an Overseer, was one of the persons responsible for getting the money. And now he had got to propose the welfare of the County Council and its success in administration.

He had pleasure in proposing the toast. When one looked at the vast amount of work carried on by the county Council, such as the main roads, the policing of the County, and elementary and higher education, he, must recognise that the expenses must be very heavy. Looking at the finances of the County he found them in a MOST HEALTHY CONDITION. Their receipts from all sources last financial year were £1,600,000, and their payments amounted to £1,280,000, which left a very substantial balance in hand. The income of the County fund was £500,000 after allowing for the precepts from the standing committees. He asked them now, as then practise economy. Elementary education cost over half-a-million-£517,000-and had a balance of £41,000, which was not whit too much to carry on the work. Higher Education the receipts were £220 and they had a balance in hand of £100,000.